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Title: Alternative Network Deployments: Taxonomy,
Characterization, Technologies, and Architectures
Author: J. Saldana, Ed.,
A. Arcia-Moret, B. Braem,
E. Pietrosemoli, A. Sathiaseelan,
Date: August 2016
I-D Tag: draft-irtf-gaia-alternative-network-deployments-08.txt
This document presents a taxonomy of a set of "Alternative Network
Deployments" that emerged in the last decade with the aim of bringing
Internet connectivity to people or providing a local communication
infrastructure to serve various complementary needs and objectives.
They employ architectures and topologies different from those of
mainstream networks and rely on alternative governance and business
The document also surveys the technologies deployed in these
networks, and their differing architectural characteristics,
including a set of definitions and shared properties.
The classification considers models such as Community Networks,
Wireless Internet Service Providers (WISPs), networks owned by
individuals but leased out to network operators who use them as a
low-cost medium to reach the underserved population, networks that
provide connectivity by sharing wireless resources of the users, and
rural utility cooperatives.
This document is a product of the Global Access to the Internet for All Research Group
of the IRTF.
INFORMATIONAL: This memo provides information for the Internet community.
It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of
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