I am attending the DSA Summit. I work on regulatory affairs for Microsoft and I am sharing
below my notes from the interventions of the regulators who have spoken here in London. I
would note, though, that (as is clear from the
) there have been many
interesting presentations also from non-regulators providing examples of innovative
technological solutions and perspectives about how to evolve spectrum management.
I unfortunately cannot attend the final afternoon of the Summit where there are a couple
of sessions of particular relevance to DC3 - panelists from regional and global economic
development institutions looking at access to finance in emerging markets, and a session
on Challenges to Universal and Affordable Connectivity. Hopefully there will be someone
else here who’s able to share notes of those sessions.
Regulatory Policy Analyst
Telecom and Internet Governance
T: [+1] 425-706-9254
* Mario Mankiewicz, Deputy Director, Radiocommunication Bureau, ITU
Mario gave a development-focused presentation, referring to the Sustainable Development
Goals, how spectrum plays a role in meeting many of them, and linking that to ITU’s
mission to connect the world.
General challenges to ensure suitable broadband access include - outdoor and indoor
coverage; availability of high-capacity networks; high demand and competition for
spectrum, affordability of devices and subscriptions. Solutions are about deploying
overlapping networks – large, long-term investment (e.g. IMT networks); small, short-term
investments (e.g. Wi-Fi networks); overlapping macro, micro, pico and femto cells;
networks with QoS as well as best effort networks.
Challenges to ensure bb access in unconnected areas – lack of electricity; affordability;
literacy and digital literacy; lack of awareness and of local content; lack of investment
and of backhaul. In other words, spectrum is not the bottleneck for the lack of broadband.
Solutions for unconnected areas can be technological (satellite, HAPS, fixed backhaul,
and mobile services in digital dividend bands) ort spectrum management (spectrum below 1
GHz, e.g. 700 MHz; considering regional and local auctions instead of national given that
national licensees don’t always deploy nationally); spectrum coverage obligations for
rural and remote areas; penalties for inefficient spectrum usage; licensed share access.
And there can be public policy solutions – alternative power sources (green energy);
reduce taxation; promote competition; promote infrastructure/network sharing through
license obligations to share; public investment where necessary; promote local content and
applications (e.g. m-money).
* Dr. Héctor Huici, Secretary, Information Technology and Communications, Ministry of
TVWS has great potential for connectivity in areas of low population density. Currently
undertaking a trial and expect to move forward with regulation. There is also a separate
project on shared spectrum – identify and make available spectrum as a shared use for
development of investment and innovation. The idea is to “whiten currently clandestine
services” and to “incorporate ICT service provider concept for 2.4 and 5.8 GHz”, allowing
small players to innovate and enter the market. I understood this as officially
recognizing legitimacy of use of unlicensed spectrum, while providing some clear
expectations for the use of this spectrum.
* Andreas Geiss, Head of Unit, Radio Spectrum Policy, European Commission
Is Technology the Best Manager of Spectrum (topic of his panel)? Yes, but there are a
couple of inhibitors:
- How much stakeholders are prepared to invest in equipment to ensure that (expensive) new
mitigation techniques are included in equipment (for which the ecosystem often prioritises
- How much are regulators prepared to change? There are some positive examples in Europe –
UK with efforts to transition PMSE users and its TVWS; Italy LSA trial with European
Commission which demonstrated feasibility, though ultimately failed to interest the
operators. But majority of spectrum regulators in Europe show little appetite for changing
licensing approaches and introducing new mitigation techniques. Commission keen to promote
more sharing but every time it had any relationship to licensed spectrum, regulators
resisted, saying it was a national issue.
* Jonas Wessel, Director Spectrum Department; Chairperson, Swedish Post and Telecom
Authority (PTS); Radio Spectrum Policy Group
RSPG’s 5G advice identifies low, mid and high band spectrum:
* 3.4-3.8 as the primary band bringing capacity
* 26 GHz as the pioneer band for ultra-high capacity (as well as unlicensed in 66-71
GHz – the higher you go (and the shorter the distances covered), the less likely there
will be interference, and
* existing (low) bands, particularly 700 GHz, to enable 5G universal coverage.
In addition, the RSPG advice allows for European countries to cater their approaches to
their individual needs, e.g. whether to have coverage requirements or
H Nwana: you’re part of Region 1; how sensitive are Europeans to African needs in your
decisions? – Africa often feels railroaded into certain approaches by European decisions.
Jonas said large-scale clearances shouldn’t be part of the approach, giving the example of
C-Band satellites in Region 1 which are important to countries around the equator but not
to countries nearer the poles, like South Africa or Sweden.
H Nwana asked what RSPG thought about IMT “gobbling up spectrum”. Jonas observed that the
Radio Regs are technology-neutral and the identification of IMT in Radio Regs is a
footnote rather than part of the Radio Regs, so RR don’t require We need to enable many
different services and see what takes off.
* Chris Woolford, Director of International Spectrum Policy, Ofcom
Demand for spectrum will continue to increase, we’ll need to work spectrum harder and
spectrum will be an important part of that. Spectrum sharing will become increasingly
important but there won’t be a single sharing approach and need to look at things on a
case-by-case basis. As a regulator, we need tools (policies, powers, toolkit) that enable
us to allow sharing. See three elements to increasing sharing:
- Technology will play key role in how we promote sharing
- Clear regulatory framework to facilitate spectrum sharing and enables us to create rules
on a case-by-case basis. But it’s important not to over-complicate if that can be avoided.
Efforts in TVWS, CBRS and efforts to protect satellite in 5.4-5.7 have been complex but
also need to look at opportunities to enable sharing in a simpler way.
- Move away from a protectionist approach (all about protecting the incumbent) to an
approach of how we make it work. So there needs to be focus on solutions to encourage and
* Philip Marnick Group Director, Spectrum, Ofcom
TVWS hasn’t taken off as quickly an anticipated – more to do with availability of chipsets
than availability of spectrum. But one benefit has been ability to experience databases –
and it has been complex (accommodating both broadcasting and wireless mic users), but it
works! Sharing managed spectrum using databases is therefore one of our spectrum
authorisation approaches. And dynamic shred access tools could be applied in other bands,
where appropriate. But use right tool for the right space.
* Mr. Julius Knapp, Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
It is not about finding places in spectrum to insert DSA – it’s not right everywhere.
Rather, it’s about recognizing DSA is a tool to consider when access to spectrum cannot be
accomplished more efficiently or effectively in other ways.
From: dc3-bounces(a)listas.altermundi.net <dc3-bounces(a)listas.altermundi.net> On
Behalf Of Sylvia Cadena
Sent: Monday, April 30, 2018 7:04 AM
To: Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectivity <dc3(a)listas.altermundi.net>
Subject: Re: [DC3] Fwd: [Members] DSA 2018 Global Summit - Update
It will be great if those attending this event can share some info about what happened
Sylvia Cadena | APNIC Foundation - Head of Programs |
email@example.com<mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> | http://www.apnic.foundation
ISIF Asia, WSIS Champion on International Cooperation 2018 | http://www.isif.asia
ISIF.asia | @ISIF_Asia | G+ ISIFAsia |
6 Cordelia Street, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101 Australia | PO Box 3646 | +10 GMT | skypeID:
sylviacadena | Tel: +61 7 3858 3100 | Fax: +61 7 3858 3199
* Love trees. Print only if necessary.
on behalf of Glenn McKnight
Reply-To: Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectivity
Date: Saturday, 21 April 2018 at 8:54 am
To: Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectivity
Subject: [DC3] Fwd: [Members] DSA 2018 Global Summit - Update
Glenn McKnight, B.A, M.A
Internet Society Board of Trustee
Chair: Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities(FBSC)
IEEE HIC Committee Member
IEEE PES CSI Committee Member
ICANN NARALO Chair (Fall 2017)
ICANN NARALO Secretariat ( Starting Fall 2017)
Oshawa, Ontario Canada
---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: DSA Administration
Date: Fri, Apr 20, 2018 at 4:21 PM
Subject: [Members] DSA 2018 Global Summit - Update
To: "Allmembers at
Cc: DSA Administration
Dear DSA Members,
On behalf of Kalpak, I would like to share with you that this year the DSA is excited to
welcome 29 regulators from 22 different regulatory bodies in attendance at our Sixth
Annual Global Summit event and Regulator Workshop (see attached list for specific names).
This is an exciting feat for the Alliance, as it is not only the largest number of
individual regulators we have ever had attend the Summit before, but it is also the
largest number of regulatory organizations to participate.
As such, we would encourage all of you to help us continue to get the word out about the
Global Summit. There is no other conference discussing modern and innovative spectrum
management methodologies, including dynamically shared and license exempt operations, like
the DSA’s Summit. Please feel free to share and repost the Alliance’s
with your associates and feel free to use the attached PDF invite when encouraging any
clients, customers, or colleagues to attend.
Feel free to contact me if you have any questions.